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Health & Medical

Nearly 165,000 Men Diagnosed With This Disease In 2018


It’s one of the leading cancers in men and the second leading cause of cancer mortality in men after lung cancer. Nearly 165,000 were diagnosed last year, and many don’t even know they currently have it because initially there are no obvious signs. The risk of developing prostate cancer increases as men age and more than 80 percent of cases are diagnosed in patients over the age of 65. So what are the warning signs? Urologists say when it comes to prostate cancer symptoms Bourbonnais IL residents should pay attention to the risk factors, as well as keeping up with annual exams because you cannot rely on any early signs. 

Recognizing Some Of The Early Signs 

Physicians distinguish between benign and malignant prostate diseases: Among the benign include inflammation (prostatitis) and prostate enlargement, the malignant include prostate cancer. The prostate lies below the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra. It weighs about 20 grams and is chestnut-sized. The gland produces a secretion that is released into the urethra during ejaculation and mixes with the sperm. It makes up about 30 percent of seminal fluid and ensures better motility of the sperm. 

As men age, the gland enlarges, pushing on the urethra, and men begin experiencing some problems urinating. Often, the bladder can not completely empty, and this generally affects men over the age of 50. Prostate enlargement is benign, but the symptoms can be frustrating. Nevertheless, it is important to clarify the causes of any prostate problems, because it can also be behind other diseases, like a tumor, urinary tract infections, or bladder stones. 

Bladder weakness and involuntary urine loss can have different causes. This can be a separate disease, but it can also be a symptom of another condition, such as an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer. However, doctors do note that incontinence is rarely a sign of a tumor. Other warning signs are blood in the urine or blood in the semen. Even then, a urologist should be consulted to make a professional diagnosis. It may be another cause, but it could also be an indication of malignant prostate cancer. 

In the initial stage, those affected do not notice anything. Complaints only occur when the tumor has become so large that it spreads to the urethra or when smaller tumors have formed outside the prostate. In addition to blood in the urine and seminal fluid, symptoms include ejaculation pain and pain in the prostate. Patients also often report pain in the lower back, in the hip and in the pelvis. 

Increased PSA: Is This Evidence? 

The doctor can determine your PSA value via a blood test. The so-called prostate-specific antigen is a protein that is formed by the prostate. If the PSA level is increased, this can be an indication of a benign or malignant change in the prostate, but could also point to inflammation. Experts have concluded that a high PSA level is not concrete proof that you have prostate cancer; it only warrants that you need further testing. In the beginning, prostate cancer causes no discomfort and very few, if any symptoms. Men over the age of 50 should schedule an appointment with a urologist and then have yearly exams.

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